• Things to Do
  • Eating Out
  • Where to Stay
  • Kikuchi News
  • History & Culture

Go Back


Kikuchi History Timeline

Last Modified:11/11/2015

Mongol Invation Attempts

Here is the Kikuchi Timeline that was made based on the materials such as "The History of Kikuchi City," "The History of Shichijo Town," "The History of Kyokushi Village," and "The History of Shisui Town."

We are going to add more information as needed. 

Kikuchi Timeline (PDF)


History Timeline of Kikuchi City
 Year Japanese Year  Events in Kikuchi  Events in Japan 
Stone Age  Period    Matsushima-iseki Ruins  

Late Jomon Period

2500 BCE-1300 BCE

  Community is formed in Mimata.   

Final Jomon Period

1300 BCE-950 BCE

  Communities are formed in Wakudo and Okubo.  

Middle Yayoi Period

100 BCE-100 CE


Fujio Tomb is built.

Earthware Jar-Coffin graves are built.


Late Yayoi Period

100 CE-300 CE

  Communities in Kogabaru, Utena, and Onosaki are formed.  
Middle of the 5th Century     Kume-Wakamiya tomb is built.

527 Iwai war 

538 Official introduction of Buddhism

Colored decorative tomb is built.

Middle of the 6th Century   

Kikoji tomb is built.

Yamasaki tomb is built.

Horizontal tombs are built in Oashi, Tsumagoe, Matsuo and Iwashita.

Chomei-ji tombs and Hebizuka tomb are built.

562 The Japanese Minna government was destroyed by Silla.

  middle of Yomei

Monk Nichira started Ichijo-in at Kyoden-ji Temple.

 "Higo kokushi-Kumamoto Topography"

Horizontal tombs are built in Hiramachi, Suzurimachi and Imadera.

Horizontal tombs are built in Tsuiji and Setoguchi.

663     645 The Taika Reforms starts.
ca.665    Kikuchi Castle is considered to have been built at this time. 

Japan loses in the Battle of Baekgang.

Ono Castle and Kii Castle are built.

696 Jito 10

Mibu Moroishi of Koshi county returns from Tang Dynasty China, and receives the position of Tsuidaini and Koshi county. "Nihon Shoki-Chronicles of Japan", "Goshi Senkai"


Kikuchi Castle, Ono Castle and Kii Castle are rebuilt. "Shoku Nihongi-Chronicles of Japan Continued"

701 The Taiho Code 

709 Wado 1  Saifuku-ji Temple in Nishidera  is believed to be founded. "Kikuchi Fudoki-Kikuchi Topography"

 710  Heijokyo

(the capital is

moved to Nara)

712 compilation of the "Kojiki-Japanese oldest history book"

785 Enryaku 4  Juren-ji Temple is founded (county temple) .

720 completion of  the "Nihon Shoki -Chronicles of Japan"

793 Enryaku 12 

The deity is enshrined to the Kawabe Kumanoza-jinja Shrine.


759 compilation of the "Manyoshu-the oldest Japanese poetries"
802 Enryaku 21  The deity is enshrined to Sumiyoshi Hiyoshi-jinja Shrine.

794 Heiankyo

(the capital is moved to Kyoto)

797 completion of the  "Shoku-Nihongi-Chronicles of Japan Continued"

806 Daido 1 

Kannon-ji Temple and Zenko-ji Temple are founded in Mt. Kuradake.

  (It is believed to have been founded by great general Sakanoue no Tamuramaro.)

807 Daido 2 Kawara Shinomiya-jinja Shrine is believed to have been founded."Kikuchi Fudoki-Kikuchi Topography"  
813 Kojin 4  Hoppuku-ji Temple is said to have been founded in Mt. Kesao. "Higo Kokushi-Kumamoto Topography"  



Ninju 2 Monk Enkan founds a Tendai sect temple in Kume. "Goshi Senkai" ,"Higo Kokushi" 840 completion of the "Nihon Shoki"
860  Jogan 2 

Koshi county is devided in Koshi and Yamamoto county. "Sandai Jitsuroku", "Goshi Senkai"

866  Jogan 8  Hiwashi-jinja Shrine is founded in Tabuki. 

The regency government begins.


completion of the "Shoku Nihonkoki -Later Chronicles of Japan Continued"

876  Jogan 18  Takanaga Naga-jinja Shrine is founded. 

879 completion of the

"Montoku Jitsuroku" 

894  abolition of the Japanese diplomatic missions to Tang Dynasty China. 

938  Tenkei 1  Tofuku-ji Temple is founded by Monk Chokei in Mt. Wataru. "Kikuchi Fudoki"  901 completion of the "Sandai Jitsuroku"
940 Tenkei 3

Higo provincial governor, Bito Takafusa, enshrine the deity to Usa Hachiman-gu Shrine praying for penalizing Taira no Masakado.

"Higo Kokushi"

985 Kanwa 1  Koshi county governor, Goto Saneshige, enshrined the deity to Hiyoshi-jinja Shrine in Murayoshi.  
1000  Choho 2 

Nara Hokki-ji style Temple  is founded in Tashima Sakaguchi

(Sakaguchi-dera Temple site).

1001 "Makura-no-soshi-The Pillow Book" by Seisho Nagon

"Genji Monogatari-The Tale of Genji" by Murasaki Shikibu 

1070 Enkyu 2 

Fujiwara Noritaka comes down to Kikuchi as a manor of Dazaifu Government Office.

Noritaka moves the main hall of Daihozan Entsu-ji Temple from Kyoto to Iwamoto.

1109  Tennin 2  Tsunemune serves as a bodyguard of Emperor Toba.  
  middle of Ninpei  

It is believed that Minamoto no Tametomo resides at Kamega-jo Castle. Kakei Hachiman-gu Shrine and Kakei Suma-gu Shrine are founded.

ca.1180  Jisho 4  Takanao opens up the Yowa War against the Taira clan. Minamoto no Yoritomo raises an army. 
1182  Juei 1  Takanao surrenders to the Taira clan. 

 1181 Taira no Kiyomori dies. The Fall of the Taira family.


 1185 Bunji 1 Takanao changes the Kikuchi family crest from Hiashimon (Sunray Crest) to Maruni Narabi Takanoha (in-line falcon’s plumes inside a circle).  
 1186 Bunji 2 

Takanao is defeated by the Minamoto clan, and is killed by Yoshitsune in Kyoto.

Takanao falls off from his horse at the Yabusame ceremony (archery on horseback) and dies.

Kamakura period starts after the fall of the Taira clan.
  middle of Kenkyu Nakahara no Morokazu becomes the lord of the manor in Koshi county.  1192 Yoritomo becomes Shogun.
 1221 Jokyu 3  Takasada is defeated in the Jokyu War. Some of his territories are seized.  Joeishikimoku-legal code is established.
  middle of Bunei  Takefusa donates 3.7 acres to Entsu-ji Temple.  
 1274 Bunei 11  Takefusa goes to Hakata to fight against the Mongol Invasion Attempt (Bunei War).  
    Hojo Sadamune and Yukitoki reconstruct Tashima Tenkou-ji Temple while urging samurais to fight against the Mongol Invasion Attempt.  
 1281 Koan 4 The kikuchi clan participates in the second Mongol Invasion Attempt (Koan War).

1293 Chinzeitandai (Office of the Military Governor of Kyushu) is set up.

"Mokoshurai Ekotoba”

 (picture scrolls of the Mongol Invasion Attempts against Japan) is made.

1304 Kagen 2 

Tokitaka and his uncle fight about the succession and dies by stabbing each other.

Hioki Tsuneharu enshrines the deity to Hachiman-gu Shrine in Fukumoto. 

1327  Karyaku 2    Zen Master Daichi establishes Gida-ji Temple in Kaga. 
1333 Genko 3  Taketoki attacks Chinzei Tandai (office of the military governor of Kyushu) and dies (the Farewell of Sodegaura).  The Kamakura Shogunate ends. 
1335 Kenmu 2  Takeshige wins at the Battle of Hakone Takeshita (One Thousand Spears of the Kikuchi).   
1336 Engen 1 

Takemura fights under Nitta Yoshisada, and dies on the Oyodobashi Bridge.

Taketoshi is defeated in the Ashikaga at Tatarahama in Fukuoka. 

Imperial Court of Japan is splitted in two (The Northern and southern Courts). 
1336 Engen 1  Takeyoshi dies at the Battle of Minatogawa River, and kills himself with Kusunoki Masashige.   
1337  Engen 2  Takeshige raises an army at Teraono-jo Castle to attack Koshi Yukitsuna. Sasaki Nagatsuna comes down to Magi village in Otsu as the head of magistrate of Enryaku-ji Temple. He changes his family name to Koshi.   
1338 Engen 3  Takeshige settles the "Yoriaishu Naidan no Koto-Kikuchi Family Percept".  
    Kikuchi family fights with Shoni Yorihisa at Hiegatabaru.   
1339  Engen 4 Antoku-ji Temple is founded. Ankoku-ji Temple building ordinance is issued.
1341  Kokoku 2 Takehito succeeds the head of Higo after the death of Takeshige.  
1344 Kokoku 5  After getting Kikuchi Castle back from Koshi Yukitada, Takemitsu succeeds the clan. He establishes Shokan-ji Temple and settles Kikuchi Gozan Five Zen Temples.  
1348 Shohei 3  Prince Kanenaga comes to Kikuchi as a general of Kyushu.  
1351 Shohei 6 Zen Master Daichi leaves Shogo-ji Temple to Kofuku-ji Temple in Tamana.  
1353  Shohei 8  Prince Kanenaga takes up his position on Mt. Kora in Fukuoka with Takemitsu.  
1355  Shohei 10  Takemitsu and Prince Kanenaga occupy Dazaifu by conquering the north Kyushu.  Wako pirates become active. 
1359  Shohei 14  Takemitsu, following Prince Kanenaga, wins at the Battle of Chikugo River.   1358 Ashikaga Takauji dies from illness. 
1361  Shohei 16  Seiseifu Government Office is moved to Dazaifu in Fukuoka.  
1362  Shohei 17  Takemitsu wins the army of Otomo and Shoni at the Battle of Chojahara.   
1367  Shohei 22  Takemasa becomes the head of Higo and establishes Kikuchi Castle (Moriyama Castle).  
1368  Shohei 23  Prince Kanenaga and Takemitsu attempt unsuccessfully to go to Kyoto.  Ashikaga Yoshimitsu becomes Shogun.
1369  Shohei 24 

Messengers of Ming Dynasty come to Seiseifu Government Office asking to ban Wako-Japanese Pirates.

 "The Taiheiki" is published.
1370  Kentoku 1  Imagawa Ryoshun becomes a local commissioner of Kyushu.   
1372  Bunchu 1  Imagawa takes Seiseifu Government Office, and Takemitsu retreats to Mt. Kora.   
1373 Bunchu 2 Takemitsu dies at Mt. Kora?  
1374 Bunchu 3 

Obeing Prince Kanenaga and Yoshinari, Taketomo returns to Kikuchi. 

1375 Tenju 1  Taketomo wins against the Imagawa Ryoshun at the "Battle of Mizushima." Kanenaga steps down and gives his position to Prince Yoshinari.   
1377 Tenju 3  Taketomo is defeated by Imagawa at Ninauchi of Saga and retreats down to Kumamoto.   
1378 Tenju 4  Taketomo transfers the deity of Aso Kita-miya Shrine, and establishes Kita-miya Shrine.  Ashikaga Yoshimitsu moves to Muromachidai Palace. 
1379 Tenju 5  Imagawa takes Utena Castle. Sadatsugu becomes military governor of Kumamoto.   
1381  Kowa 1  Imagawa of Ashikaga side surrenders Kikuchi Main Castle.   
1383 Kowa 3 Prince Kanenaga dies.  

Genchu 4

Taketomo sends the Moshi jo Request to the Yoshino Court. Gunsho Ruiju (collection of old Japanese classic)

1387 Genchu 4  Hashida-ji Temple is restored by Koshi Kagamine. "Higo Kokushi"  
1392 Genchu 8 Taketomo returns to Kikuchi and becomes the military governor of Higo,Kumamoto.   The Northern and Southern Courts are united.
1407  Oei 14  Taketomo dies, and Kanetomo takes over the clan.  1397 Ashikaga Yoshimitsu builds kinkaku-ji Temple.
1419  Oei 26  The Mongolian and Korean army attempts to invade Tsushima. Kanetomo drives them back.   
1431  Eikyo 3  Kanetomo is succeeded by Mochitomo after the Battle of Umagaoka in Fukuoka.   
1432 Eikyo 4 Mochitomo becomes the governor of Chikugo, Fukuoka.  
1446  Bunan 3  After the death of Mochitomo, Takekuni takes over the clan.

1441 Kakitsu War


ca.1449  Hotoku 1  Education in Kikuchi is flourishing around this time.  
ca.1452  Kyotoku 1 

Tamekuni calls Zen Master Jikuan and establishes Gyokusho-ji Temple.

Konomiya dance starts around this time. 

1456  Kosho 2 

Koshi Takakado builds a castle in Tobikuma. "Koshi senkai"

The "Rain Ritual" at Sumiyoshi Hiyoshi shrine believes to have started around this time.

1462 Kansei 3 Ashikaga Yoshimasa gives half of his position to Otomo Masachika.  
1465 Kansei 6 Tamekuni battles with Otomo to get Chikugo territories back at Mt. Kora unsuccessfully.  
1466 Bunsho 1 Shigetomo becomes the military governor of Higo after taking over the clan from Tamekuni. Onin War starts.
1472 Bunmei 4 Shigetomo builds Koshi-do Hall. (Confucius Hall in Waifu)  

Bunmei 9

Shigetomo holds a ritual inviting Zen Master Katsuraan. Sakamoto sakon of Hiyoshi Sumiyoshi argues with Koshi and kills himself. Onin War ends.
1481 Bunmei 13 Shigetomo holds a Renga (linked verse poetry) meeting in Kikuchi.  
1484 Bunmei 16

Koshi Shigetaka rebuilds Sumiyoshi hiyoshi Shrine in Kita Sumiyoshi. He also builds Ike-no-kami Castle in Koga, Minami Sumiyoshi. "Goshi Senkai"

1493 Meio 2

Taketomo dies and Takeyuki takes over the clan. Asako Takesada rebiulds Fukumoto Hachiman-gu Shrine.

Kumabe Tadanao makes a ridge plaque.

Koshi Takamine kills Tendai sect monk Kogenin Kiyomasa, and Maeda Shrine is built to avoid god's curse.


Ginkaku-ji Temple is built.

1501  Bunki 1  Takeyuki is betrayed by Uto Tamemitsu and escapes to Shimabara.   
1503  Bunki 3 

Takeyuki changes his name to Yoshiyuki.

After defeating Tamemitsu with the help of Jo and Kumabe, Yoshiyuki returns to Kikuchi. 

1505  Eisho 2 Aso Korenaga drives Kikuchi Masataka off and becomes the head of Higo as Kikuchi Taketsune.  
1509  Eisho 6 

Masataka loses to Taketsune in Kumebara and kills himself at Ankoku-ji Temple. "Higo Kokushi"

1511  Eisho 8 

Kikuchi Takekane takes over the clan as a military governor of Higo.

Takekane is driven away from Kikuchi by Otomo.

Otomo clan increases their power and influence around this time. 
  middle of Eisho 

Koshi Takamine comes to Takaha Castle and takes over the head of Koshi county.

1515  Eisho 12   

Ankoku-ji Temple, once lost by fire, is rebuilt.

1520  Eisho 17 

Otomo Shigeharu (Kikuchi Yoshitake) becomes the military governor of Higo, Kumamoto.

Nuruyu clan comes to Uchigoe. 

1534 Tenbun 3  Yoshitake escapes from Kikuchi to Yatsushiro asking the help of Sagara Yoshishige.   
1543 Tenbun 12  Otomo Yoshishige is appointed to the military governor of Higo.  
1550 Tenbun 19  Tashima loses assisting the Kikuchi, and 75 cho Tashima territories are taken by Koshiro.

The gun is introduced in Japan.

1549 Christianity comes to Japan. 

1551  Tenbun 20 

Akahoshi Chikaie becomes the head of Waifu Castle. 

1554 Tenbun 23 

Otomo Yoshishige is appointed to the military governor of Higo.

Yoshitake is killed by Otomo Yoshishige, and the Kikuchi clan is disbanded.

1556  Koji 2  Jo Chikamasa transcripts Kikuchi Manku Poems.   
1559 Eiroku 2 Otomo utilizes the struggle over power among Jo, Akahoshi and Kumabe.  1560 The Battle of Okehazama 
1561  Eiroku 4  Chikaie dies from illness. Chikataka becomes the head of Waifu Castle.   
1578  Tensho 6 

Ryuzoji Masaie defeats Chikataka and appoints Kumabe Chikanaga for the head of Waifu Castle.

Kyoden-ji Temple and Chomei-ji Temple are burned down.

1573 The end of the Muromachi period.

1582 Honno-ji Incident

1585  Tensho 13 Koshi clan of Takeha is disbanded by the attack of Shimazu. "Goshi Senkai"  
1587  Tensho 15  Sasaki Narimasa, the governor of Higo-no-Kami, takes over the Waifu Castle.

Higo Province Uprising

Sword Hunt

1588  Tensho 16 

Kato Kiyomasa and Konishi Yukinaga divide Higo. 

Kato Denzo becomes the guard of Waifu Castle.

1589 Tensho 17 A river construction is conducted in Komoiri.  1594  Cadastral Surveys by Hideyoshi 
  middle of Tensho Monk Nobuyasu founds Kosho-ji Temple on Mt. Kegon.  
1600 Keicho 5 Kato Kiyomasa becomes a daimyo with 520.000 koku crop yields. The Battle of Sekigahara 
1602 Keicho 7 Kikuchi Yoshiyuki has his portrait painted.  
1603 Keicho 8   Tokugawa Ieyasu establishes Edo Shogunate.
1604 Keicho 9 Higo Kenchi-cho, and Goson-cho(land survey record books) are made. Distance marker- Ichirizuka system is established on major streets.
1607 Keicho 12 The kanji characters of 隈本 is changed into 熊本. The construction of Kumamoto Castle starts.
1608 Keicho 13   The land survey is done.
1611 Keicho 16   Kiyomasa dies due to illness.
1612 Keicho 17 Kikuchi Tamekuni has his portrait painted. Christianity is banned under the territories of Tokugawa Shogunate.
1613 Keicho 18 Mt. Aso Great Explosion  Banning of Christianity
1615 Genna 1 

Due to the one country one castle order, Waifu Castle is emptied.

Cedars are planted along the Ozu main streets.

1619 Genna 5 Higo Great Earthquake Buke Shohatto  (Law for the Military Houses)
1625 Kanei 2   Mugishima Castle of Yatsushiro and Kumamoto Castle are destroyed by earthquake.
1631 Kanei 8 Myoren-ji Temple is built in Tatemachi.   
1632  Kanei 9 Hosokawa Tadatoshi was transferred from Kokura to Kumamoto as the head of Kumamoto domain. Former head Kato's territory is taken away.
1633  Kanei 10    The first National Isolation Edict 
1634 Kanei 11

Shibue Kimitoshi builds Tenchi Gansui-jinja Shrine. 

Tenaga Administrative System starts around this time. Koshi county is divided in Ozu and Takeha.

1635 Kanei 12

The Koku daka (crop yield) of Kikuchi becomes 15,000 Koku.


1637 Kanei 14    Shimabara-Amakusa Rebellion
1643 Kanei 20 Abe Family Rebellion
middle of Keian Tendai sect monk publishes "Goshi Senkai." 1657 Great Fire of Meireki
1664 Kanbun 4

Fumie   (the test of royalty)

Kitayama Setsuzan starts writing the " Kunigun Ittoshi."

1667 Kanbun 7 Entsu-ji Temple is rebuilt by monk Shunzan of Sinsho-ji Temple of Kumamoto.  
1669 Kanbun 9

Kitayama Setsuzan is driven away by the ban of Yomei-gaku (Neo Confucianism)

1672  Kanbun 12

"Shimaya Nikki-Diary" begins to be written.

Waifu Great Fire burns down the entire town.

1676 July, Enpo 4 Shitamachi fire burns both Shita machi and Kami machi down.  
1680  Enpo 8 Major crop failure kills many residents.  
1685 Jokyo 2 The vassal of Mito clan Sasasuke Saburo comes to Kumamoto for overnight.  
1687 Jokyo 4  20 children die due to smallpox. The Ordinances of Animal Protection
1691 Genroku 4 Mt. Aso Great Eruption  
1698  Genroku 11

Haru Ide agricultural waterway construction starts by Kawahara Mokuzaemon.(ends in 1701.)

1701 Genroku 14  Nishihazama Ide construction starts. (ends in 1703.)  
1703  Genroku 16    Ako Roshi-lordless samurai Raid 
1704 Hoei 1 Imamura Ide construction starts. Kikuchi rice reputation goes up.
1713 Shotoku 3   Higo domain faces serious financial crisis.
1716 Kyoho 1 Business control becomes strict in town. Kyoho Reforms by Tokugawa Yoshimune
1723  Kyoho 8 Torii gate of Kitamiya-jinja Shrine falls due to earthquake. Tera koya private schools spreads this time.
1725 Kyoho 10

Great fire burns entire Waifu down.

another major fire in 1726

Tera koya private school becomes popular this time.
1727 Kyoho 12  Monk Menzan rebuilds Kosho-ji Temple.  
1728  Kyoho 13  Monk Hogyu builds Hogyu Jizo deity in Minami Tashima and Kae.  
1732 Kyoho 17

Higo Great Crop Failure and borrows 20,000 ryo from government. 

1737 Genbun 2   Banning of peddling
1741 Kanpo 1 Kikuchi River ship transportation becomes popular.  

Kanpo 2

Due to a flood, Nomaguchi and other river sides are damaged.  
1746  Enkyo 3 Five Ring Pagoda is built for Sawamura Tomotake.   
1748 Kanei 1 The private school of Shibue Shiyo Shugen Tei is established. Horeki Reforms by Hosokawa Shigekata
1749 Kanei 2 Direct business by travel peddlers are banned.   
1752  Horyaku 2    
1753  Horyaku  3 Pledge landing is prohibited.  
1754 Horyaku 4 Kikuchi Nori seaweed is given to Shogunate. "Higo Roku", "kozuma Bunko"

Lottery at Fujisaki-gu Shrine

1755 Private school "Jishukan" and "Saishunkan" are established.

1757 Horyaku 7  "The Origin of Kikuchi Matsubayashi" is written.  
1764 Meiwa 1 Zorokuan Kannon Hall is built.  
1765 Meiwa 2  Kawahara Mokuzaemon opens Kawahara Ide Waterway.  
1768 Meiwa 5  Record-breaking Drought takes place.  
1774  Anei 3

Feudal lord Hosokawa goes hawk hunting in Hanabusa.

Villages are flooded with water

from the Koshi River, and village of Tashima is relocated.

1776 Anei 5  60 or more children dies due to smallpox and dysentery.  
1778 Anei 7  Nakajima Ijiro writes "Ofurejo Record."  
1779  Anei 8 Takemitsu's tomb is built in Shokan-ji Temple due to the efforts of Shibue Shiyo.  Major Famine by Mt. Aso Eruption
1782  Tenmei 2 The Great Tenmei Famine spreads nationwide.  
1787  Tenmei 7   Kansei Reforms by Matsudaira Sadanobu
1792  Kansei 4

Mt. Unzen Great Eruption  

Shibue Shoseki establishes his private "Seishu-do" school. 

1794  Kansei 6 "Kikuchi Fudoki-Topography" is written by Shibue Shoseki.   
1796  Kansei 8 Matsubayashi No performance Stage is built.  
1810 Bunka 7  

Dragon Year great Flood

Ino Tadataka comes to Higo for survey.

1813 Bunka 10  Furukawa River Ide construction starts.(ends in 1816.)  
1816 Bunka 13 Takeshige's tomb is built at Kanki-in of Tofuku-ji Temple on Mt. Wataru.  
1818 Bunsei 1  Due to the major drought, both Fukagawa and Kawahara fight over water.  
1823 Bunsei 6  Nagayama bridge is made by Kosaka kangoro.  
1825 Bunei 8   Edict to Repel Foreign Vessels.
1827 Bunei 10 Hyodo Ide opens by the efforts of Hirayama Yazaemon.   
1829 Bunei 12 Hazama Bridge is made by Isuke.  
1833 Tenpo 4

Hyodo Ide opens. (the construction completes in 1835.)

Many floods from Koshi River leave extensive damage.

1837 Tenpo 8 Beggars and people dying on the street increase due to crop failure. Oshio Heihachiro Rebellion
middle of Tenpo Monk Jinin rebuilds Entsu-ji Temple and builds Tang Chinese style stone gate. 1841 Tempo Reforms by Mizuno Tadakuni
1843 Tenpo 14 170 houses are burnt down in Shita machi of Waifu.
1848 Kiei 1 Chief priest of Tashima Tenman-gu Shrine, Imuta Izumi, establishes a private school "Kiyono-Ya."  
1853 kiei 6

Kuma Gonbei of Ozu starts the construction of the bank of Yubune.

(ends in 1962.)

Matthew Perry comes to Shimoda. 
1854  Ansei 1 Tujun-kyo Bridge is made in Yabe by Futa Yasunosuke. Convention of Kanagawa 
1855 Ansei 2 "Map of the Kikuchi River" is made by Inoue Eitauemon.  
1860 Manen 1 Tatekado Bridge is made by Uichi, the brother of Hashimoto Kangoro. Sakuradamon Incident
1864 Genji 1  Takagi Motoemon dies at the age of 34 due to the Conspiracy of Kinmon.  1867 Taisei Hokan( Restoration of Imperial Rule)
1868 Meiji 1    Meiji Restoration
1870 Meiji 3 Kikuchi-jinja Shrine is established. 1869 Tokyo becomes capital.
1871 Meiji 4 

Iwamoto Kagura (traditional Shinto dance and music) starts.

Hiegata Kagura is believed to have begun this time.

1876 Meiji 9 Yoshimura Gisetsu dies at the Shinpuren Rebellion. The name of Shirakawa prefecture is changed into Kumamoto prefecture. 
  early Meiji Kagura at Tashima Sugawara-jinja Shrine is reputed to have begun.   
1877  Meiji 10

The troops of the Satsuma army deployed at Saikaku-ji Temple.

The troops of the government attacks Kawabe, Tsumagoe and Ihagi. After fighting at Hiramasa village and Minami Tashima, Satsuma army retreated.

Seinan-no-eki(Satsuma Rebellion )
1878  Meiji 11

Eizan-Bridge (Megane Arch Bridge) construction starts by Hashimoto Kangoro.

Yubune Kagura starts.

Tomita jinpei creates underdrainage using bundle of bamboo sticks.

1879  Education Ordinance
  middle Meiji The  sericulture and silk manufacturing industry in Kikuchi becomes prosperous.  
1891 Meiji 24 Kagura of Kawabe Kumanoza-jinja Shrine starts. 1889 organization of municipalities starts.
1894  Meiji 27   Shino-Japanese War 
1895 Meiji 28  Police officer Masuda Keitaro of Shisui dies in Saga due to cholera.  
1904 Meiji 37    Russo-Japanese War 
1906 Meiji 39 Kagura of Sumiyoshi Hiyoshi-jinja Shrine starts.  
1910 Meiji 43  Shisui silk manufacturing factory starts operation.  
1911  Meiji 44 Sakura-za Theater construction starts. (ends in1912.)   
1913  Taisho 2  Kikuchi Light Railway between Takae and Waifu opens.

1914 The World War First

1925 Taisho 14  Himei Bridge (Horse Bridge) construction starts.

1923  Great Kanto Earthquake

1931 Showa 6 Emperor Showa supervises the army's special large-scaled maneuver at Onozaki.

The Manchurian Incident


1936  Showa 11 


1936 February 26 Incident
1941 Showa 16

Kikuchi Hanabusa airport construction starts.

Military Air Force Academy opens.

1937 Japan-China War
1944 Showa 19

The film "One Thousand Spears of the Kikuchi " is shown.



1945 Showa 20  Hanabusa Airforce is destructed by bombing attacks. The end of the World War Second
1947 Showa 22 The Constitution of Japan Japanese is established. 



Showa 29 

Kikuchi Onsen opens.

Villages of Iwamura, Kamogawa and Shimizu merge into Shichijo village.

1955 Showa 30 Villages of Shisui, Tashima and Mimata Ward merge into Shisui Village.  
1956 Showa 31 Asahino Villages and Kitakoshi Village merge into Shisui Village.  



Showa 33 Kikuchi Town becomes Kikuchi City.  

Color television starts spreading.

Tokyo Olympics 

1961  Showa 36 Shisui Village becomes Shisui Town.  
1964  Showa 39 Shichijo Village becomes Shichioj Town.   
1968 Showa 43 Kikuchi Extended Fire Department Headquarters are established.  
1986 Showa 61 Kikuci Railway between Miyoshi and Waifu is closed. 


1999 Heisei 11 The 54th National Athletic Meet is held.  
2005 Heisei 17 Kikuchi, Shichijo, Kyokushi and Shisui merge into Kikuchi City.  


Additional Information

To view PDF file, you need Adobe Reader
Download Adobe Reader (free) from banner links.
Adobe Reader Download


Social Education Section, Lifelong Learning Division, Education Board of Kikuchi City

Go Back